Author: Tomas Tyler

The Humvee – The World’s Most Versatile Light Military Vehicle

Humvees are a military vehicle that can also be owned by civilians. They can be purchased at surplus auctions like GovPlanet and require a license to drive them on the road.

Replacing the flat-like jeep utility vehicles it was designed to replace, the Humvee has become an icon both on and off the battlefield. It’s low profile and wide stance make it instantly recognizable. If you are looking for a Humvee For Sale, click the link provided.

The Humvee is the world’s most versatile light military vehicle. Its rugged design and all-terrain capabilities make it a workhorse in harsh environments. The vehicle has been modified to suit a variety of uses, from ambulances to troop transports to wire command-guided antitank missile launchers. It has a top speed of 70mph and can be driven for extended periods without refuelling. The HMMWV, as it is known, can be fitted with different armor levels to suit the needs of individual missions.

The original HMMWV was introduced in 1983 and became an icon of the Gulf War, but it soon came under attack by roadside bombs. Armour kits were rushed to the field, but the insurgency continued to find ways to evade the vehicles. The vehicles were withdrawn from service in 2018, with the Army and Marine Corps replacing them with the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV).

While the JLTV is lighter than the Humvee, it offers superior protection against Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) and other types of attack. The winner of the contract to produce the new vehicle will have to deliver on all fronts, including off-road performance and a high level of protection. Three major contenders are BAE Systems, Oshkosh Defense, and the original Humvee manufacturer AM General.

With thousands of HMMWVs still in the US inventory, and cost pressures affecting several acquisition programmes, it’s possible that the Humvee could experience a 21st century re-birth as a low-cost unmanned ground vehicle. The vehicle would be able to operate at the forefront of advancing troops, providing intelligence, firepower, and surveillance, while freeing up more manned vehicles for crucial combat missions. Such a vehicle could also be used as a scout platform to monitor enemy positions and to provide warnings when approaching mines are detected.


In the 1980s, when humvees first appeared, they were heralded as military-style SUVs that boosted soldiers’ mobility. Squat and sturdier than Jeeps, humvees were used as troop carriers, command centers, and ambulances. They could traverse wide desert sands and get 14 m.p.g. on fuel, which made them a symbol of American extravagance that even Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger enjoyed (more than a decade before he became a champion of emissions standards and war-averse).

The Army’s desire for a “jack-of-all-trades” light tactical vehicle prompted it to seek competitive bids from military equipment makers. AM General, maker of the military jeep, AMC’s commercial jeep, and Teledyne Continental Motors submitted prototypes. But it was AM General’s humvee, which the military named High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle, or HMMWV, that was picked.

HMMWVs quickly supplanted the old M151 Jeeps and Vietnam War-era M561 Gama Goats. They proved surprisingly versatile, durable, and reliable, with only minor upgrades needed as the military learned how to operate them. The only major drawback was that a basic HMMWV offered no protection against roadside bombs, as the Battle of Mogadishu in 1991 (featured in the film Black Hawk Down) would soon demonstrate.

To counter this, the Army began purchasing up-armored versions of HMMWVs to protect soldiers from enemy fire and roadside explosives. The new vehicles, known as MRAPs, were more robust but also much heavier and more prone to rollover than the older trucks. This is a big part of why the military has decided to go back to its roots by opting for a simpler design in its next-gen Joint Light Tactical Vehicle, or JLTV. It’s something AM General is pushing hard, with a prototype that the company says offers four-fold greater reliability than current models.


The military humvee has the power to get the job done without being flashy. Its advanced design features axels that connect to the top of the tires, which allows the vehicle to climb over obstacles and stay high off the ground. The engine is also built under the cabin, which allows the vehicle to avoid damage from roadside bombs. In addition, the HMMWV is easier to maintain than civilian trucks.

The Humvee was designed as AM General’s entry in the HMMWV competition – a US Army requirement for a new jack-of-all-trades replacement for jeeps and light trucks. The resulting vehicle proved more useful than expected in combat, especially for patrolling “outside the wire.” However, it’s also not as protective as many other vehicles on the battlefield. AM General admits that even uparmored Humvees are vulnerable to IED blasts. While it’s easy to add armor, a lot of the shock from an explosion still gets transmitted directly to the passengers. In contrast, the JLTV and other armored vehicles are built from the inside out to protect passengers from IEDs and other threats.

Humvees are also prone to being overloaded with guns, turrets, and missiles that strain the load-carrying capability of the base vehicle. While the military is working to replace Humvees with the lighter and better-protected Oshkosh JLTV, it’s going to be difficult for them to move from one type of war machine to another – both financially and logistically.

One solution is the HUMVEE Charge hybrid-electric light tactical vehicle. It uses commercial-off-the-shelf technology to create a hybrid electric drive system that combines the traditional internal combustion engine with an electric motor. This combination offers improved fuel efficiency, operational stealth, and acceleration. It can also be modified with a variety of accessories, from mounted machine guns to wire command-guided anti-tank missile launchers.


The HMMWV, or Humvee, as it is colloquially known, is the main vehicle in the US Army’s wheeled fleet. Its impressive capabilities and versatility have earned it a reputation as an intimidating and scary truck. It is a formidable presence, and for good reason.

This light utility workhorse can carry up to seven people in a one-plus-one or two-plus-two seating arrangement depending on the model. Its modular design makes it flexible enough to meet a wide range of missions and requirements, from basic troop transport to medical aid.

Riveted and bonded aluminum body panels provide premium strength, low weight, and flexibility to help with off-road performance. The vehicle’s rust-resistant coating helps to keep it in top condition. This is important because any rust can weaken the structure of the vehicle.

The Humvee’s suspension is designed to keep the truck high off the ground. This allows for better driving in difficult conditions and a reduced risk of undercarriage damage. The tires are also positioned closer to the chassis to reduce tire wear and maintenance costs.

In the early 1970s, the US Army realized that it needed a better performing vehicle to replace its M561 Gama Goat and Ford M151 Jeeps. It drafted final specifications for the new High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle, or Humvee. Three contenders – AM General, Chrysler Defense and Teledyne Continental – were awarded contracts to design and build 11 prototype vehicles for testing. The testing was carried out over rocky hills, deep sand and 60in-deep water, plus desert heat and Arctic snow.

Due to the improvised explosive devices (IEDs) used in Iraq and Afghanistan, military engineers had to add heavy ad hoc armor to the Humvee. This reduced payload capacity and decreased the vehicle’s braking efficiency. Oshkosh, a Wisconsin-based manufacturer, has developed a driveline and suspension system for the Humvee that restores payload capability and improves braking by 46 percent.


The Humvee is one of the most iconic vehicles in military history. It has been used in many wars and conflicts, from the Invasion of Panama to the ongoing conflict in Afghanistan. The Humvee has also inspired a consumer car brand in the 2000s, and it has become a symbol of American strength and power. However, the price of a Humvee is not cheap.

The price of a Humvee depends on its condition and features. Newer Humvees are in better condition, so they will cost more than older ones. Additionally, if the Humvee has missing or broken parts, it will cost more to repair and upgrade them.

Military surplus Humvees are sold by the government through auctions. These auctions are often held by IronPlanet, a large auction organization. You can find a wide variety of different Humvees at these auctions, including civilian-modified models. You can also find armored Humvees, which are more expensive than regular versions.

Once you’ve found a Humvee that you want to buy, the next step is to get it titled. This process can take between 20 and 60 days, depending on your state’s regulations. To expedite the process, you can hire a professional to handle it for you.

Once your Humvee is titled, you can drive it legally. However, you should be aware that you will need to carry insurance on it. You will also need to pay a registration fee and license plate fees. You should also keep in mind that you will have to maintain your Humvee according to the manufacturer’s recommendations. This will include routine maintenance and a yearly inspection.

Characteristics of an Attorney

Although many people use the terms attorney and lawyer interchangeably, there are distinct differences between these two career paths. Attorneys must hold a bachelor’s degree and complete law school at an American Bar Association-accredited institution to become licensed.

They also must pass the state’s bar exam and abide by strict standards of professional conduct. In addition, attorneys are often responsible for drafting legal documents, settling disputes and representing clients in court proceedings. Click to know more.

Legal advice is a specialized type of information that provides details on how the law applies to an individual’s specific situation. Unlike legal information, which is usually reiterations of basic facts, legal advice has more application to an actual case or circumstance and may be given in exchange for a fee. Legal advice must be provided by an attorney with a valid license to practice law. Individuals who provide legal advice without a license face harsh consequences.

Individuals can obtain legal information and legal advice through many sources, including law schools, legal aid offices, private lawyers and low-cost legal clinics. When seeking legal advice, individuals should clearly communicate their case and objectives to the lawyer. This allows the attorney to provide more detailed advice and help them achieve their goals.

Lawyers can provide legal advice and brief service, which is a more personalized approach to solving a legal problem than going to court. In this case, the lawyer will interview the client, then provide them with advice on what they should do to resolve their issue. This can include contacting adverse parties or preparing paperwork.

Individuals can also seek legal advice from ABA Free Legal Answers, which is a virtual walk-in clinic for civil questions. This program allows people to submit their legal question online and receive brief advice and counsel from volunteer attorneys. This site increases access to legal services for low-income individuals who cannot afford a lawyer. It also helps prevent legal abuse by ensuring that only legitimate attorneys provide advice. This program is operated by the ABA’s Standing Committee on Pro Bono and Public Service. It is funded in part by Baker Donelson, which provides strategic leadership and financial contributions.


In law, representation means to act on behalf of someone or something. It can also refer to an artistic rendering or likeness. It is from the Latin repraesentare, meaning to bring before or exhibit. Lawyers provide legal representation for their clients. The representatives are the clients’ advocates, and they must be able to communicate effectively with their client. They must be able to explain complex legal matters in ways that the client can understand.

Each district plan must include a process for managing the selection, appointment, retention, and removal of panel attorneys that incorporates judicial input into panel administration. Each defender office must have an established mentoring program to increase the pool of qualified candidates.


Negotiation involves two or more parties attempting to reach a mutually acceptable resolution of a dispute. It may involve legal issues, but it can also be an informal and cooperative process. The parties involved can determine whether the negotiations will be confidential or public, and they can agree on the scope of a negotiation. A negotiation can be unilateral or bilateral, with two people negotiating the sale of a car or multilateral negotiations between dozens of countries regarding a trade agreement.

A skilled negotiator can help clients develop their negotiating strategy, prepare to defend their positions and avoid the common pitfalls of negotiations. For example, negotiators should try to understand the other party’s perspective and how they might interpret a given situation. This can be accomplished by discussing the other parties’ perceptions openly without assigning blame or judgment.

It is also important for a lawyer to be able to identify and articulate their client’s interests in the context of a specific negotiation. They should be able to describe the benefits of an agreement, what impact it will have on their client’s overall objectives and the consequences of a breakdown in negotiations.

A lawyer must be able to recognize unethical tactics in negotiations and avoid using them in the course of their practice. These can include bluffing, threats, actively misrepresenting their client’s position, browbeating and other psychological pressure tactics. This behaviour is risky for lawyers and bad for society. In the long run, it can also undermine the effectiveness of negotiations. A lawyer must also be able to evaluate their own negotiating strategy and determine when it is appropriate to use a particular tactic. They must know the “walkaway” line, which is the point at which they will end negotiations if their client can’t obtain what they want.

Critical Thinking

As a lawyer, you will need to be critical thinker to help you get the best results for your client. You will have to analyze each piece of evidence and find out what it means for your case. You will also need to look at the long and short term consequences of any decision you make.

Being able to think critically will help you make better decisions and solve problems faster. It will also allow you to understand what information is important and which isn’t. This will ensure that you are able to come up with a solution that is realistic for the client’s situation.

A good critical thinker can recognize logical connections between ideas, and they will be able to identify and assess their own biases. They can also explain their reasoning to others, and they will be able to recognize when their own conclusions are flawed.

The ideal critical thinker is habitually inquisitive, well-informed, trustful of reason, open-minded, flexible, fairminded in evaluation and willing to reconsider. It is a set of skills that can be developed, and it is an intellectual discipline that encompasses universal intellectual values that transcend subject matter divisions.

Critical thinking can help you make the right choices and decisions in both your personal and professional life. It will help you form opinions based on factual evidence and can assist you in engaging with popular media rationally. It can help you avoid plagiarism by identifying reliable sources, and it can also assist you in understanding your own beliefs and assumptions. If you are interested in learning more about critical thinking, check out these educational resources from the University of Greenwich.

Strong Character

Strong character can make an attorney an effective leader, as well as a dependable ally for clients. Character strengths include empathy, honesty and fairness, morality, self-discipline, good judgment, courage, a sense of responsibility and loyalty to one’s family and friends. Attorneys with these character traits can inspire those around them, boost morale and encourage those to work hard toward their goals.

Having strong character can also help an attorney deal with difficult situations, such as those that may arise in court. For example, if an attorney feels that their client is being treated unfairly, they can have the courage to stand up for their beliefs and take action. They can also be resilient and bounce back quickly after being knocked down in the course of a trial or another challenging situation.

When it comes to creating strong characters, it’s often important to give them flaws and weaknesses. It can be boring to read about a character who is good at everything they do, even if that skill is necessary for the story you’re writing. For example, if your strong character is great at fighting, but terrible at chess, you can add some depth to the story by giving them something else they need to practice and improve.

In addition to these skills, a lawyer should have strong personality traits such as integrity, assertiveness and determination. These characteristics can help them stand up for their beliefs, negotiate effectively, make sound decisions and show compassion to those they serve. In addition, a person with strong character will be trustworthy, which is crucial for an attorney as they build relationships with clients. They will also be dependable, which means they will keep their word and will do what they say they will do.

Drain Cleaning – How to Get Rid of Clogged Drains

Clogged drain lines create the perfect breeding ground for bacteria, fungus and mold that cause foul odors and serious health problems. Professional drain cleaning services use video pipe inspections to determine the best approach to clearing the blockage.

Regular drain cleaning prevents clogs, ensures proper water flow and helps avoid costly repairs and pipe damage. Learn how to keep your drains clean between professional cleanings! Contact Drain Cleaning Perth now!

When you have a clogged drain, your first reaction may be to grab a bottle of liquid drain cleaner from the store. These chemical cleaners, available in gel, crystal, foam and liquid form, usually contain strong bases or acids that dissolve clogs by creating a chemical reaction within the pipe. While these cleaners may be effective at dissolving blockages, they are often dangerous to handle and can cause severe damage to your pipes if misused.

Many liquid drain cleaners are caustic and corrosive. They can eat away at the insides of your pipes, leaving behind holes and leaks. They can also be dangerous to your health, causing chemical burns if they come into contact with your skin or eyes. Some chemical cleaners also release fumes that can irritate your nose, throat and lungs. When exposed to these chemicals over a long period of time, repeated exposure can even lead to brain damage.

Caustic drain cleaners, such as lye and caustic potash, work by giving electrons to the clog material and melting it away. They also create heat as they react with the materials in your pipe, which can soften grease and melt away some types of plastic. Caustic cleaners are heavy and must be poured down the drain slowly to prevent splashing. They can also eat through metal pipes, especially if they are made of galvanized steel, which was commonly used in household plumbing before World War I.

Oxidizing drain cleaners, which are typically found in household bleaches and peroxides, work by allowing the organic material in your pipe to lose its electrons. This chemical reaction oxidizes the molecules and makes them less dense, which helps them to move more easily through your pipe. Oxidizers can be more effective than caustic cleaners on most types of clogs, but they aren’t as safe to use since they can leave your pipe coated with an acidic substance that can promote corrosion.

If you must use a liquid drain cleaner, try to find one that is biodegradable. These products are safer for your pipes and the environment, and they break down clogs with natural enzymes that eat away at the material in your drain. While they may take a little longer to work than chemical cleaners, they are much safer for your health and the environment.

Baking Soda

Baking soda is a common household product that can be used for a variety of cleaning tasks. It is effective at absorbing and dissolving oil, grease and other sticky substances, and it is also an excellent deodorizer. When used regularly, it can help prevent drain clogs by keeping the pipes clean.

One of the most popular DIY hacks for unclogging a drain involves using vinegar and baking soda. This do-it-yourself solution is cheap, easy to find and often works well. However, it is important to understand how this method works and what it can and cannot do.

The vinegar and baking soda reaction creates carbon dioxide gas that dislodges and breaks up clogs. However, this gas can also cause damage to certain types of pipes, especially older copper or brass pipes. Additionally, the acid in vinegar can corrode metal, leading to leaks and other problems down the line.

To use this method, first pour a pot of boiling water down the drain. This will loosen any gunk and grease that is stuck in the drain or pipe. Next, sprinkle about a cup of baking soda over the clogged drain. You can add more baking soda if needed, but make sure to use a non-toxic alternative like sea salt. Wait for the drain to fizz, which should take about an hour. After the fizzing stops, flush the drain with a few cups of hot water to wash away any remaining baking soda and vinegar mixture.

Another option is to combine lemon juice and cream of tartar to make a paste that can be applied directly to the drain. This mixture is effective at breaking down organic clogs, such as hair and food scraps, and it can also dissolve certain types of mineral deposits. Finally, coffee grounds can also be effective if they are mixed with boiling water and allowed to sit for a few minutes before being flushed down the drain.

If you have a severe or persistent clog, it may be necessary to call a plumber. Homemade and DIY drain cleaners are typically effective for minor clogs or routine maintenance, but professional plumbers have the tools and knowledge to handle more stubborn blockages.

Dish Soap

Dish soap is a versatile cleaning product that’s useful for a wide range of household tasks. It’s mild enough to use on many different surfaces, fabrics and materials and can substitute for a variety of other household cleaners (although mixing certain products can create toxic gas, such as using bleach with vinegar). It’s also one of the most cost-effective and environmentally friendly household cleaners.

Most liquid dish soaps contain surfactants, chemical compounds that break down grease and other food residue, and scrubbing agents. Some also have perfumes, dyes and sanitizers. Dish soaps are often sold in recyclable or biodegradable plastic bottles, and some companies offer refills to reduce waste.

While conventional soaps work well, eco-friendly options exist that clean just as effectively and can be found in glass or stainless steel bottles. We like Seventh Generation’s “Lemongrass & Clementine” and “Free & Clear,” which are lightly scented, skin-safe and hypoallergenic. The company is also transparent about its ingredients, uses recycled packaging and doesn’t test on animals.

Other good options include L’Avant Collective’s eye-catching bottle, which looks great on the counter and has a soft, pleasant scent. It’s also biodegradable, and its ingredients are limited. Thrive Market’s dish soap has a lovely light lavender scent, but it’s pricey and not very effective at fighting grease; it requires frequent sponge reloading, and its pump-style dispenser is difficult to use.

Chemical Cleaners

Chemical cleaning is the use of chemicals like acids and minerals to clean surfaces. It is a more effective and efficient method of cleaning than manual methods such as wiping, mopping or scrubbing. It is also less labour intensive. However, one should note that this type of cleaning is very dangerous and requires expert guidance. It involves direct contact with harmful chemicals and can cause serious accidents.

The most common types of cleaning chemicals are abrasives, alkalis and acidic cleaners. Chemicals in the abrasive category remove deposits from hard surfaces by mechanical agitation and friction. They can be very harsh and damaging to some materials including plastics and some metals. Alkali cleaners are very corrosive and destroy bacteria and dissolve proteins. Examples include washing soda (sodium bicarbonate), oven cleaners and lye. They are very dangerous and can burn skin and corrode aluminum products.

Acidic cleaners remove deposits such as scale. These are normally very strong mineral acids and may contain a chelating agent to help in the removal of heavy biological material. Hydrochloric acid is a typical mineral acid used for concrete and vinegar is another example. Sulphuric acid is also found in drain cleaners and removes organic material such as grease and protein.

Detergents are the main component of most cleaning solutions and consist of surfactants, which orient themselves at the interface between water and a soil, and a chelating agent which surrounds unwanted metal ions to prevent them from precipitating out of solution. Detergents are also a good choice for removing combination soils, which have both organic and inorganic components.

When using any cleaning chemicals, read the product label carefully and follow all handling and storage instructions. Never mix different cleaners together and always store them away from heat, sunlight and children. It is a good idea to keep them in sealed and clearly labelled containers. If possible, avoid storing them in old food containers as they might react with residue from the original contents. Also, do not put solvents in the sun as this can evaporate them and make them more dangerous to handle.